Sample Sidebar Module

This is a sample module published to the sidebar_top position, using the -sidebar module class suffix. There is also a sidebar_bottom position below the menu.

Sample Sidebar Module

This is a sample module published to the sidebar_bottom position, using the -sidebar module class suffix. There is also a sidebar_top position below the search.
قسم علوم الأرض

Jassim M. Thabit1,*        &      Hawkar B.Bakir2,**

1Department of Geology, College of Science, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq.

2Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Koya University, Koysinjaq, Iraq.

 

*   Email: jassimthabit@yahoo.com or jassimthabit@scbaghdad.edu.iq  

        **      Email: hawkar.bapeer@koyauniversity.org          

 

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to measure the onsite value of relative dielectric permittivity (dielectric constant). The newly calculated values derived from measuring the ratio of the electrical capacitance of a cell when the sample of the material is placed. In this work, parallel plate technique that consists of two parallel circular metallic plates was used, the instrument made up of aluminum which acts as electrodes and stuffed inside the PVC cylinder, the thin sheet of material (models) sandwiched between. Calculation of dielectric constant through this new technique gives new velocity value of electromagnetic wave to propagate underground. This newly measured velocity value will utilize in GPR data acquisition and interpretation in order to forgive good resolution to the obtained radargrams.

 

Keyword: Relative Dielectric Permittivity, Dielectric Constant, Ground Penetrating Radar, Electromagnetic Wave Velocity.